Yes’s and No’s abound. Here’s my take. You may find some of it a little different.
First, to avoid being a “dangling participle,” an ING word that starts a sentence should have, immediately after the comma, a noun or pronoun that’s the doer of its action. Like this: Shining through the clouds, the sun warmed the deck. The sentence is grammatically correct because the sun is the doer of the participle’s action (shining). I consider it a poor sentence, though, for another reason.
This one is worse: Warming the deck, the sun shone through the clouds. Why worse? Like the other, it’s grammatically correct. I think it’s worse because the idea that appears to be less important (shone) is given the stronger position, the verb.
That brings me to my nitpick with participle phrases whether placed at the beginning of a sentence or following the words they modify. When we make a verb into a participle (verb form) it loses some of its strength. Therefore, we should not write the more important idea as a participle. Warming the deck (with emphasis going to sun shone down) is not as strong as The sun warmed the deck. (I sense a few readers clicking away to a more interesting topic. Never mind. This is for the few who need to care about such nuances.) A better sentence altogether, in my opinion, would be The sun warmed the deck. (We assume it’s shining).
Here’s another kind of participle problem: Running down the street, the girl stopped at the curb. What’s wrong with this one? To me it feels illogical. Can the girl run and stop at the same time? I think the action of the introductory participle phrase should happen at the same time as the action of the main verb.
We’ve been taught to use participle phrases for sentence variety, so we use them to death. I suggest that writers (1) skim over their copy to see how many paragraphs they’ve started with phrases, and (2) greatly curtail the use of participles unless they’re the best choice for the sentence and the idea. I’ll watch for good examples and present my findings in Part 2. (maybe)
Agree? Disagree? Join in. Maybe I’ll learn something and get help for Part 2.